The Lost Civilisation

Mysterious Britain

Stonehenge lighting strike

Robert John Langdon's trilogy  'Prehistoric Britain'  tells the true story of Britain and the Megalithic People who built the stone monuments  of Stonehenge, Avebury , Woodhenge (Durrington Walls).

Top 10 Prehistoric Sites in Britain

No.1 - Stonehenge


What the history books will Tell You:

The most famous stone circle in the world, Stonehenge was constructed in phases between 1500 and 3000 B.C.  Of course, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.  It is unclear why, or even how the huge stones were erected as they were—creating an enduring mystery that has captivated people for centuries.

The Truth:

Built 5,000 years earlier than present estimates as a spa to cure the sick.  The ditch around Stonehenge is a moat which was full of pure water and the Bluestones were use as 'bath salts' to cure the biggest killer of that period -  cut and bite infections.

No. 2 - Avebury


What the history books will Tell You:

Avebury contains the largest stone circle in England, and was constructed around 2600 B.C.  The entire site consists of a henge, a large circle of stones, and two smaller circles within the larger circle.  Archaeologists disagree on the original purpose of Avebury: some suggest that it was a key element in religious rituals, while others highlight its potential function as an astronomical calendar system.

The Truth:

It's gigantic bank were built to protect boats from the elements like the harbours of today and the ditch was made incredibly deep to accommodate transatlantic ships.  The site was used meeting and trading place - hence the evidence of fires but a lack of houses.

No. 3 - Durrington Walls (Woodhenge)

Durrington Walls

What the history books will Tell You:

Durrington Walls is the site of a large Neolithic settlement and later henge enclosure located in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site. It is 2 miles north-east of Stonehenge in the parish of Durrington, just north of Amesbury.

Recent Excavations (2013) on the site by a team led by the University of Sheffield, has revealed a huge settlement; 1,000 homes have been found, supporting a population of 4,000 people at one time. The village was carbon dated to about 2600 B.C.

It is the "largest Neolithic settlement in the whole of northern Europe". At 500m in diameter, the henge is the largest in Britain and recent evidence suggests that it was a complementary monument to Stonehenge.

The Truth:

Probably the oldest natural harbour in the world.  Its bank was originally semi-circular and like Avebury high enough to shelter boats from storms. Its interior is v- shaped allowing more boats to be anchored in the centre of the site as well as in the channel on the exterior.

No. 4 - Old Sarum

Old Sarum

What the history books will Tell You:

Old Sarum (Latin: Sorviodunum) is the site of the earliest settlement of Salisbury in England. The site contains evidence of human habitation as early as 3000 BC. Old Sarum is mentioned in some of the earliest records in the country. It is located on a hill about two miles north of modern Salisbury next to the A345 road.

Old Sarum was originally an Iron Age hill fort strategically placed on the conjunction of two land trade routes and the River Avon. The hill fort is broadly oval shaped, measuring 400 metres (1,300 ft) in length and 360 metres (1,180 ft) in width; it consists of a double bank and intermediate ditch with an entrance on the eastern side. The site was used by the Romans, becoming the town of Sorviodunum.

The Truth:

Another harbour like both Durrington Walls and Avebury.  In fact these three sites are all on the same sailing route on the River Avon, which led to the current Bristol Channel and the open sea.  Moreover, not only is its moat the same size as Avebury but also two harbours in the interior testifying to its real age - constructed in the Mesolithic Period, about 8000 bc.

No. 5 - Newgrange 


What the history books will Tell You:

Newgrange is a mound constructed around 3200 B.C., in Ireland, and it is part of the Brú na Bóinne UNESCO World Heritage Site.  It is a circular mound with a stone passageway leading to chambers inside.  Ringed by kerbstones engraved with artwork,  Newgrange is certainly an impressive sight.  The main passage is aligned so that the rising sun of the winter solstice floods the interior with light, which enters through an opening above the doorway.  Once again, archaeologists do not completely understand the original purpose of Newgrange, but most agree that it was probably used in religious rituals.

The Truth:

Built at a much earlier date about 4500BC by a civilisation that once lived in Doggerland known to the Greek Philosopher Plato as Atlantis.  When their island sank below the waters of the North Sea the 'survivors' spread across the oceans and some settled in Ireland and built settlements like this used for health purposes using acoustics.

No. 6 - The Ring of Brodgar (Stone Circles)

Ring of Brodgar

What the history books will Tell You:

Located on the same island as Skara Brae, the Ring of Brodgar is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.  Most henges do not contain stone circles, making this a rather unusual site.  It is the third largest stone circle in the UK.  The interior of the circle has never been excavated by archaeologists, and no scientific dating has been done, so it’s difficult to accurately assess the age of the site—but it is generally believed to date from approximately 2500 B.C. 

Alexander Thom has proposed that the Neolithic builders of Brodgar and other sites used a common unit of measurement which he calls the “megalithic yard”; the diameter of the inner banks of Brodgar, Newgrange, and Avebury are all exactly 175 megalithic yards.  This theory remains highly contested, however, as a common unit of measurement would suggest a sophisticated transfer of information not expected from Megalithic builders.

The Truth:

Stone Circles on the coasts of Northern Europe were originally direction indicators of the boat civilisation of Doggerland in the Mesolithic Period.  Ships navigators would use the stone circles to find other safe harbours throughout the area.  When the waters receded in the Neolithic Periodstone circles were introduced to indicated the direction of inland sites in conjunction with Round Barrows.

No. 7 - Belas Knap (Long Barrows)

Kelas Knap

What the history books will Tell You:

Belas Knap is a neolithic chambered long barrow, situated on Cleeve Hill, near Cheltenham and Winchcombe, in Gloucestershire, England. It is a scheduled ancient monument in the care of English Heritage but managed by Gloucestershire County Council. "Belas" is possibly derived from the Latin word bellus, 'beautiful', which could describe the hill or its view. "Knap" is derived from the Old English for the top, crest, or summit of a hill.

It is a type of monument known as the Cotswold Severn Cairn, all of which have a similar trapezoid shape, and are found scattered along the River Severn. Belas Knap is described in the English Heritage designation listing statement as an "outstanding example representing a group of long barrows commonly referred to as the Cotswold-Severn group".

The Truth:

Long Barrows like Belas Knap are symbolic boats to the afterlife.  The bodies of the dead were left out on an excarnation slab to deflesh and the bones were then gathered to be placed in the boat on the hillside for their final voyage.  The design of a Long Barrow is  identical to a  small ship with the chambers at the rear of the monument acting like a the stern of the boat where the family would normally live.  The Long Barrow would be deeper at the back and shallower at the front and a watery moat would be built around the entire monument to simulate the water.

No. 8 - Whitehawk Camp (Causeway Enclosures)


What the history books will Tell You:

Whitehawk Camp, on Whitehawk Hill is one of the earliest signs of human habitation in Brighton and Hove, Sussex, England. It is the remains of a Neolithic causewayed camp inhabited sometime around 2700 BCE and is a scheduled ancient monument. It has been described as one of the first monuments in England to be identified as being of national importance, and one of the most important Neolithic sites in the country.

It is one of only twelve remaining examples of a causewayed hill camp from the Windmill Hill culture in Britain and one of three known to have existed in the South Downs. It reaches 396 feet above sea level and measures 950 feet by 700 feet. It is made up of four concentric ditches broken up by causeways. The first written mention of the camp (as "White Hawke Hill") was in 1587.

The Truth:

These 'Concentric Circle' sites which have been incorrectly called 'Causeway enclosures' by archaeologists are meeting places for the boating civilisation of the Mesolithic Period who's homeland Doggerland is below the North Sea.  These types of settlement are mentioned in Ancient Greek wittings of Plato who described an Ancient advanced Civilisation who lived nine thousand years ago on an island he called Atlantis.

No. 8 - Skara Brae

Skara Brae

What the history books will Tell You:

Skara Brae is a stone Neolithic settlement on the island of Mainland in the Orkneys.   It was inhabited from roughly 3150 to 2500 B.C.  It is the most intact Neolithic settlement in Europe, gaining it UNESCO World Heritage Site status and the nickname of “Scottish Pompeii”. 

The settlement is remarkably advanced for its age, with a sophisticated drainage system connecting to primitive toilets in each dwelling.  Many intriguing artifacts were discovered at Skara Brae, including unusual carved stone balls.  What is believed to be a form of runic writing appears on artifacts and throughout the site, but successful translation has so far been impossible.

The Truth:

When at the end of the Mesolithic Period the groundwater levels and the river heights fell and the sea level accordingly risen, the boat civilisation turned to farming on the new fertile lowlands that once were covered with water.  These are the Neolithic Farmers and Skara Brae shows the transition from ships to houses, using the advanced engineering skills they utilised when making and maintaining boats and ships.  Over the years this skill diminished and simpler houses were made - this 'backward' technological evolution can also be observed when the Roman empire left Britain and their houses were abandoned for mud huts.

No. 9 - Lanyon Quoit (Dolmen)

Lanyon Quoit

What the history books will Tell You:

Lanyon Quoit currently has three support stones which stand to a height of 1.5 metres. These bear a capstone which is 5.5 metres long, and which weighs more than 12 tonnes.

A dolmen, also known as a portal tomb, portal grave or quoit, is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of two or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone (table), although there are also more complex variants. Most date from the early Neolithic period (4000 to 3000 BC). Dolmens were typically covered with earth or smaller stones to form a barrow. In many instances, that covering has weathered away, leaving only the stone "skeleton" of the burial mound intact.

The quoit lies at the north end of a long barrow 26 metres long and 12 metres wide. The barrow, which is covered by grass and bracken, is damaged and its outline is difficult to see. At the south end of the barrow are some more large stones which may be the remains of one or more cists.

The Truth:

Dolmens are the remains of 'excarnation' platforms of the Mesolithic Period'.  Bodies would have been laid out on the slab away from vermin and ground animals (hence the legs inside the edges of the slabs and high above the ground) allowing birds to clean the body as they were seen as sacred as they lived in the air and were closer to the afterlife in the sky.


No. 10 - Wansdyke (Earthworks/Canals)


What the history books will Tell You:

Wansdyke (from Woden's Dyke) is a series of early medieval defensive linear earthworks in the West Country of England, consisting of a ditch and a running embankment from the ditch spoil, with the ditching facing north.

There are two main parts: an eastern dyke which runs between Savernake Forest and Morgan's Hill in Wiltshire, and a western dyke which runs from Monkton Combe to the ancient hill fort of Maes Knoll in historic Somerset. Between these two dykes there is a middle section formed by the remains of the London to Bath Roman road. There is also some evidence in charters that it extended west from Maes Knoll to the coast of the Severn Estuary but this is uncertain. It may possibly define a post-Roman boundary.

The Truth:

Wansdyke is just one of a Mesolithic Canal System which archaeologists have identified as 'earthworks'.  They are much older than current experts believe as they have been described in Roman texts and have been filled in and used as Roman roads.  Geological maps show that they link 'post glacial flooded' parts of Britain together and in the case of Wansdyke links the River Thames some 20 miles to the Bristol channel as did the Victorian Avon & Kennet canal built almost 6,000 years later.

Are you a historic 'Mushroom'?

The word ‘Mushroom’ is rarely used in historical connections. However, most of our history books are full of errors and incorrect assumptions. If you have never heard of this term before it is (in the kindest terms) used to describe a person or persons keep in the dark and feed with …………….. manure!

So is our history a ‘cock-up’ or is it a ‘conspiracy’?

 “He who controls the present, controls the past. He who controls the past, controls the future.”  1984

George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is a fictional account of the manipulation of the historical record for nationalist aims and manipulation of power. In the book, the creation of a "national story” by way of management of the historical record is at the heart of the debate about history as propaganda. To some degree, all nations are active in the promotion of such "state stories,” with ethnicity, nationalism, gender, power, heroic figures, class considerations and important national events and trends all clashing and competing within the narrative.

Such clever manipulation is almost impossible to identify if you have been indoctrinated into these ‘lies’, as you have no benchmark to judge them against. However, within those manipulations there will be facts that just ‘don’t make sense’! I have highlighted some of these facts in this book to illustrate that some of our history is quite simply nonsense - which could be due to ‘sleight of hand’ or what academia refers to as ‘peer review’, which is supposed to be a ‘firewall’ that keeps the nonsense out. However, in reality, all it has done over the years is kept the perpetuated nonsense in, giving it greater credibility than it deserves.

The classic example is the case of Galileo Galilei; (15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642), who was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism (sun centered solar system) Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy”, the "father of modern physics”, the "father of science”, and "the Father of Modern Science”.

Three hundred and fifty years ago he was not father to anything; he was a 'heretic’ as he believed that the earth went around the sun, contrary to the bible. Galileo did not have the internet to promote his hypothesis and the church had ‘peer reviewed’ his ideas and found them false and contradictory the then academic belief (as they had total control over the education system) which centered the earth in this religious universe. Moreover, even after verification of his evidence and acceptance of his theories, it still took another fifty years for the ‚Inquisition’s ban’ on reprinting Galileo’s works to be lifted in 1718, when permission was granted to publish an edition of his works (excluding of course the condemned Dialogue’s) - the church finally lifted the partial ban in 1835, just 178 years ago and 193 years after his premature death. The credibility of ‘Peer Review’ was perfectly summed up by Richard Horton, editor of the British medical journal The Lancet, who said that:

"The mistake, of course, is to have thought that peer review was any more than a crude means of discovering the acceptability—not the validity—of a new finding. Editors and scientists alike insist on the pivotal importance of peer review. We portray peer review to the public as a quasi-sacred process that helps to make science our most objective truth teller. But we know that the system of peer review is biased, unjust, unaccountable, incomplete, easily fixed, often insulting, usually ignorant, occasionally foolish, and frequently wrong" - So much for peer review!

 But why are there so many mistakes in our history?

Homo sapiens are the only creatures capable of abstract thought and a ‘perception’ of time, creating a manipulation of thought concerning the past, the future and the present. An inquiry into the nature of history is based (in part) on a working understanding of time as a human experience. Therefore, history (as understood by Western thought) tends to follow an assumption of this linear progression: "this happened, and consequently, that happened; and so that happened because this happened first.” This is also known as the ‘cause and effect’ philosophy. Yet most ancient cultures held a mythical conception of history and time that was NOT linear. They believed that history was cyclical with alternating Dark and Golden Ages.

In Hesiod’s ‘The Works and Days’ he described the five ages of Man: the Gold Age, the Silver Age, the Bronze Age, the Heroic Age, and the Iron Age, each with their ebbs and flows of progression.  Other scholars suggest there were just four ages, corresponding to the four metals, and the Heroic age was a description of the Bronze Age. The clearest illustration of this ‘ebb and flow’ of historical invention can be seen with the Roman Villa. The use of a ‘hypocaust system’’ created a house that had ‘under floor’ heating, which is much more efficient than fires or radiators - yet if this house was found without reference archaeologists using ‘linear’ logic would conclude that it must have been built in the 21st century as all previous houses lacked the superior design.

So if our linear history is fundamentally flawed, where are these problems and are there a more rational explanation for them?

The Robert John Langdon Trilogy - Prehistoric Britain

12,000 years ago the last Ice Age finally melted, revealing the Britain we know today... 


Britain had been underneath two miles of ice and the surrounding seas had frozen solid. What was left was a huge icy mass of enormous weight, pushing down on this tiny island. This mass had compressed the earth so much that the land surface lay at least a half a mile below the sea bed as we know it today.
So what exactly happened after the great ice age melt?

This huge mass of watery ice that covered Britain raised the groundwater tables and left the land totally saturated. In fact, the volume of water was so great that it eventually created the English Channel and the North & Irish Seas. Very slowly, the land then started to rebound, so slowly in fact that even now, parts of Britain are still rising about one cm per year. This melting ice combined with the lowering of the land levels created not the single island called Britain we know today, but a series of smaller islands and waterways - totally unrecognisable to the landscape that is so familiar to us now. 

Moreover, the land became a sub-tropical forest as the warmer climate that first melted the polar ice caps encouraged the growth of abundant foliage. This would very probably have caused the islands to experience what we would consider today to be monsoon seasons. Which in turn then kept groundwater tables abnormally high for another 4,000 years? The foliage, groundwater and warm climate would have left the islands resembling more like the Amazonian rain forest, rather than the grassy hills of Britain we see today.

The only way our Mesolithic ancestors of Britain could have had to adjust to this new environment would have been to develop and use their boat and seamanship skills. Consequently, adapting to living and trade by these shorelines travelling via the vast waterways and lakes rather than through the forests, which would have been riddled with dangers such as brown bears, packs of wolfs and wild boar all roaming freely. Therefore, the shorelines became critical – our Mesolithic ancestors would have lived, worked and gathered by these ‘super-waterways’ and would have created social monuments and beacons on there beaches and peninsulas.

My hypothesis proposes that our greatest prehistoric monuments, such as Stonehenge, were built on these watery peninsulas. I also propose that the ditches surrounding henges were NOT dry ditches, as archaeologists currently believe, but were, in fact, constructed to be watery moats and canals, which turned these sites into very special islands. The most astonishing aspect of this hypothesis is that even today, thousands of years after the groundwater have subsided, we can re-visit these sites and identify the ports and channels of this bygone age and by using the landscape, we can date, more accurately than ever before, when the sites were initially constructed.

Another key component of my hypothesis is the discovery of navigational signposts (Long Barrows), built within the landscape, on the banks of these waterways. Traditionally, archaeologists have believed that these had religious or ceremonial use, whereas my evidence shows that they had a more functional engineering purpose, helping our ancestors to navigate around these islands. 

In fact, the book will show for the first time, that these signposts guided our ancestors when they transported enormous stones from the Preseli Mountains in Wales to the site at Stonehenge – by boat. These very stones were used to build the first phase this magnificent monument. Even more importantly, I can show the exact location of where these vast stones were unloaded from the boats and how this precious cargo and the mechanism used to lifted onto shore. 

This discovery of this landing site has led us to accurately date for the first time the original construction date of Stonehenge - 7500BC to 8000BC. This is 5,000 years earlier than current archaeological estimations, making Stonehenge probably the oldest Stone Monument in the world.

Prehistoric Britain consists of three books :

The Stonehenge Enigma

Prehistoric Britain

My Online Book and Map Store

Hardback Edition - Amazon Books

Softback Colour Edition - Amazon Books

Kindle Edition - Amazon Books


Preface to SECOND EDITION                                



THE HYPOTHESIS                                    


Chapter 1 -    A Land called DOGGER      (Doggerland)                      

Chapter 2 -    The BIG squeeze             (Isostatic Transformations)                   

Chapter 3 -    WATER, water everywhere...   (Post Glacial Flooding)                     

Chapter 4 -    Geological Maps                       (Prehistoric flood maps)         


Chapter 5 -    Dykes and other Earthworks                        

Chapter 6 -    Ditches best known as Moats                        

Chapter 7 -    The Prehistoric Health Spa                        

Chapter 8 -    Bluestones from far away                         

Chapter 9 -    The Lost North West Entrance                        

Chapter 10 -  The Avenue to a new Neolithic mooring place                

Chapter 11 -   Snails can tell us an old story                        

Chapter 12 -   Barrows – Long and Round                            


Chapter 13 -    The Stonehenge Landscape                        

Chapter 14 -    Old Sarum - the missing link                        

Chapter 15 -    Avebury - the oldest of them all                    

Chapter 16 -    Woodhenge & Durrington Walls - a structure by a harbour    


Chapter 17 -   The Megalithic Builders                           

Epilogue -       Monument to the LOST WORLD of ATLANTIS            

Appendices    Listing of Hypothesis proofs / Acknowledgments                                     

Dawn of the Lost Civilisation

Dawn of the Lost Civilisation



1. The Ascent of Man

        Out of Africa

        Generic Ancestry



2. Variation of the Species


        The Comparison


        New Migrants - New Land

        Simple way of Life

        Fundamental Flaw                                                                                                              

        Blood Types and DNA


3. Doggerland and the Ice Age                                                                  


        Animal Finds                                                                                                                       




        River Valleys                                                                                                                       

4. Atlantis                                                                                                     

        Ancient Tales                                                                                                                      

        Plan of Atlantis                                                                                                                    

        The Flood                                                                                                                             


        The Golden Age                                                                                                                 

        8000 year Old Map                                                                                                               

5. The Atlanteans




        The Hundreds                                                                                                                     



6. Advanced Technology

        Tool Development                                                                                                              

        Pre-Atlantean Dawn                                                                                                           


        Meare Heath Bow                                                                                                               

        Harpoons, Spears and Throwers                                                                                      

        The Wheel                                                                                                                           



        Bow and Pump Drills                                                                                                          

        Mechanical Advantage of Poles & Levers

7. Lifestyles                                                                                                   


        Farmers shrank Mankind                                                                                                   

        Magnetised Water                                                                                                              


        Long Houses                                                                                                                       

        Medical Procedures                                                                                                           




8. Trading                                                                                          

        European Ice sheet                                                                                                           

        Long Barrows                                                                                                                    

        Long Skulls                                                                                                                        

        Round Barrows                                                                                                                 

        Stone Circles                                                                                                                     

        Trading Towns                                                                                                                 

        Trading Materials

        Maths, Pythagoras and Measurement

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9. Language and Art                                                                                    


        Oral Traditions                                                                                                                     



10. Ancient Mythology                                                                               

        Structuralist approach to Myth                                                                                     

        Geoffrey of Monmouth                                                                                                     

        Land of the Giants                                                                                                             

        Arthurian Legend                                                                                                              

        Flood Myths                                                                                                                          

11. Civilisation                                                                                             

        What is Civilisation?                                                                                                             

        Utopia, Eden and Shangri-la                                                                                              

        Stonehenge - Temple of the Dead                                                                                   

12. The Legacy                                                                                             

        Where did they go?                                                                                                           

        Greek and Egyptian Ancestry  

        Black Sea and Mesopotamia

        Central America and Inca

        India and Mongolia

        China and Japan

Appendixes  / Location Maps and Trade routes /                                                                       

Map of Doggerland Atlantis 

13 Ancient things that don't make sense in History

13 things


1.                  Ten thousand year old boats found on Britains Hillsides - 7,000 years before they          were invented.


2.                  Gigantic Prehistoric Canals - that are technically superior to even Victorian engineering.


3.                  Roman ports miles away from the coast – when sea levels are apparently rising.


4.                  Raised Beaches - that have never met the sea.


5.                  Giant skeletons - found by French archaeologists now dismissed by todays scientists.


6.                  Mythological Dragons - a non-existent animal that is shared by the world.


7.                  Sunken land of the North Sea - was the worlds oldest and greatest civilisation.


8.                  Troy was located in Turkey - although it took Jason ten years to get home to Greece.


9.                  Antler Picks that built ancient Monuments - yet there is no real evidence for this             myth.


10.                Recent Landscape Flooding & Storms - the secret our ancient ancestors knew about         Britain’s weather.


11.                Alexander the Great sailed into India - where no rivers exist today.


12.                Columbus was the first western man to reach America - yet bones and tools suggest      that Europeans came 10,000 years earlier.


13.                Quantum of Solstice – Pythagoras triangles show that Stonehenge holds mathematical s        ecrets before its time.


14.                Prologue


15.                Index and Acknowledgements


Langdon 'Mini' Series

These are 'bite sized' snippets from the main books I publish at a fraction of the cost of the whole book.

Megalithic Builders

The Megalithic Builders - Kindle Version

Stonehenge - TSE

Stonehenge (TSE) - Kindle Version

Post Glacial Flooding

Post Glacial Flooding - Kindle Edition

Atlantis - TSE

Atlantis (TSE) - Kindle Edition

Ten Thousand year old boats

Ten Thousand year old Boats - Kindle Edition


Gigantic Prehistoric Canals - Kindle Edition

Raised Beaches

Raised Beaches - Kindle Edition

Roman Ports

Roman Ports  - Kindle Edition


Robert John Langdon's Blog Site -

WHO built Stonehenge?  -

Prehistoric Britain  (Official  Web Site) -

WHY was Stonehenge built? -

Stonehenge - 'An inconvienient truth' -

Langdon's Prehistoric Map Series -

13 Ancient Things that don't make sense in History -

HOW Stonehenge was built? -

Britain's top 10 prehistoric sites -

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